The Group has been carrying out (since 2017) integrated estimation of the carbon footprint of the organization and two key products – coal and coke, based on the GHG Protocol standard using an implemented tool supporting the calculations.
The calculations take into account emissions of the following greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide, methane and hydrofluorocarbons.
The calculations were carried out in accordance with the GHG Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard REVISED EDITION, based on the emission intensity indicators specific to energy suppliers (market based) and the GWP (global warming potential) greenhouse effect creation indicators published in IPCC Fifth Report from 2014 (AR5, The Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC).
The scope of reported emissions (operational boundaries) includes scope 1 (direct emissions) and scope 2 (indirect emissions resulting from the generation of energy purchased by Group entities). Scope 2 emissions for all significant energy types were determined based on energy supplier-specific metrics (market based).
Scope 1 included direct emissions from sources located in all Group companies, comprising emissions:
- from burning of fuel in stationary sources
- emissions from technological processes, including:
- emissions from coking,
- emissions related to ventilation,
- emissions from creating cool air,
- emissions from other processes (e.g. welding),
- from burning of fuel in combustion engines.
Indirect emissions from scope 2 comprise emissions associated with generation of:
- compressed air,
purchased and consumed by Group companies.
The boundaries of reported emissions (organizational boundaries) include teh Parent Company and all Group companies according to operational and financial control – 100% of emissions from all group companies.
No biogenic emissions were recorded in 2022.
The JSW Management Board decided to publish information on the organization’s carbon footprint. The carbon footprint of coal and coke products calculated in scopes 1, 2 and 3 upstream will be made available on the express request of the Group’s business partners for such products.
Base year 2017 recalculated accoridng to new emission factors for purchased Energy (market-based)
Boundaries of the organization – approach to operational control – 100% of emissions from all Group companies
Operational boundaries – direct and indirect emissions in scopes 1 and 2. Due to the fact that both coal and coke constitute intermediate products in further processes, scope 3 in the organization’s carbon footprint was omitted.
In accordance with the methodology recommended by the GHG Protocol, uncertainty of the organization’s carbon footprint was set at 8%
To assess the level of emission intensity, the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions per unit of product (the sum of coal and coke production) and per unit of revenue is used at the Group level.
In 2022, the JSW Group’s total emissions within scopes 1+2 dropped by 6.4% compared to the 2017 base year, with emissions from scope 1 decreased by 7% and emissions from scope 2 decreased by 2.6%.
Compared to 2021, in 2022 there was a reduction in the organisation's carbon footprint (by 4.3%) due mainly to a significant decrease in direct emissions (scope1), both CO2 by 13.2% resulting from a decrease in coke production and CH4 by 6.6% while indirect emissions (scope 2) increased by 28.3% due to an increase in electricity purchases from third-party vendors.